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Stone Mountain Summit

Stone Mountain Park, Georgia
Stone Mountain, Georgia is a quartz monzonite dome monadnock (a single mountain that rises out of a relatively flat plain).  The mountain is the site of some recent controversy over the massive bas relief carved into the north face of the mountain that memorializes the Confederacy.
Stone Mountain Park, Georgia, Memorial to the Confederacy
Also of controversy is the fact that the second iteration of the Ku Klux Klan was born at Stone Mountain and the Klan was granted perpetual access to the mountain by previous owners of the site.  Today the mountain and park are owned by the State of Georgia but operated by a private, for profit company.
Stone Mountain Park Rules
Stone Mountain is a dome of quartz monzonite that was formed by the upwelling of magma through the earth's crust during the formation of the Blue Ridge Mountains around 300-350 million years ago.  It sits about 825 feet (251 m) above the surrounding area which is mostly rolling hills.  On a clear day (as in these shots) one can see the Kennesaw Mountain to the north, the skyscrapers of Atlanta to the west, and even the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains to the far north.
Stone Mountain Sky Ride Overlooking Memorial Garden to Confederate States
The easiest climb to the top of Stone Mountain is from the west which is gently sloped.  Alternatively one can ride the ski lift to the top as I did.  In the image above the Memorial Hall at the top of a small hill over the gardens that memorialize each of the 13 states of the Confederacy is kind of overwhelmed by an artificial snow slide ride that sits between the two sides of the Memorial Gardens.
Stone Mountain Sky Ride Looking North Toward Appalachians
  
Below, the largest bas relief sculpture in the world, the Confederate Memorial carving depicts three Confederate leaders of the Civil War, President Jefferson Davis and Generals Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson (and their favorite horses, "Blackjack," "Traveller," and "Little Sorrel," respectively).
Stone Mountain Memorial to the Confederacy
Stone Mountain Sky Ride
Stone Mountain Summit Looking North
At the top of the mountain the landscape is bare rock and rock pools.  To the west are the skyscrapers of Atlanta.
Stone Mountain Summit Rock Water PoolsBelow:  Holding Atlanta in my hand.  The low winter sun is wicked bright atop the mountain on a cloudless day.
Stone Mountain Holding Atlanta in the Palm of My Hand
On winter days the sun barely makes it to 33° above the southern and western horizons so the sun is always in one's eyes.
Stone Mountain Summit Low Winter Sun
Stone Mountain Summit Rock Water Pools
Below,  at the summit, 1,686 feet above sea level (514 m) one can see for many miles on a clear day.  Behind me, to the north, is Kennesaw Mountain and the Appalachians.
Stone Mountain Summit Looking Northwest Toward Kennesaw Mountain
Stone Mountain Summit Sun and Lone Tree
I was wearing dress shoes on this recent afternoon so I decided to ride the ski lift up and walk down. The walk down is gradually sloped enough that I had no trouble in good shoes.
Stone Mountain Colorful Forest Hiking Trail
About half way down the western side of the mountain is another memorial to the Confederacy, this one consisting of various flags including the Stars & Bars.
Stone Mountain Hiking Trail Memorial West Side of Mountain
Stone Mountain Hiking Trail Memorial Flags West Side of Mountain
Stone Mountain Hiking Rules
Stone Mountain Colorful Trees
At the base of the mountain one enters a mixed deciduous forest which was recently ablaze with color.  There is a village of Made-in-China crap stores that is converted into a Christmas-themed destination in winter.  
Stone Mountain Christmas Village with Massive Memorial to the Confederacy
 Go before the "Christmas Village" opens, or after, and avoid the ridiculously expensive entry fees.  There is no avoiding the $15 to park unless you've got the stamina to walk in several miles from the nearest outside-the-park parking area.
Stone Mountain Christmas Village Santa and Phillip
The bas relief Confederate Memorial measures about 1.57 acres (6,400 square meters), or just a bit smaller than two football fields.  The carving of the three men and their horses towers 400 feet (120 m) above the ground, measures 76 by 158 feet (23 by 48 m), and is recessed 42 feet (13 m) into the mountain.
Stone Mountain Memorial to the Confederacy
 In 2015 as controversy grew over memorials to the Confederacy across the south it was proposed that this sculpture be blasted off of Stone Mountain.  While the proposals are still out there it is unlikely that any such destruction of the memorial will occur anytime soon as it would require approval by the Georgia State Legislature.
Phillip with Stone Mountain Memorial to the Confederacy
 Below, a giant ball of mistletoe awaits Christmas Village visitors.
Stone Mountain Christmas Village Mistletoe
Stone Mountain Christmas Village
I didn't see anything extraordinary about the Christmas Village.  The buildings are completely covered with lights, which is interesting, but the stuff sold inside is nothing special, especially considering all the history and natural beauty available steps away on the mountain.
Stone Mountain Park at Dusk
Outside of the park one quickly encounters Atlanta's notoriously bad traffic, anytime of day.
Atlanta Notorious Traffic, Anytime of Day or Night

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